Ever wonder where all the waste generated by hospitals, clinics, laboratories, etc. goes? Certainly this waste cannot go to the same destination as ordinary waste due to its high contaminant potential.
Health Services E-Waste Management Plan is a set of management procedures aimed at the correct management of waste produced in healthcare facilities.
It covers aspects related to generation, segregation, packaging, internal collection, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal, as well as aspects related to the protection of public health and occupational safety of personnel involved in the waste management stages.
It is based on the resolution of National Health Agency (NHA)
The Health Services E-Waste Management Plan Is Mandatory, And Every Health Care Waste Generator Must Prepare Their Own.
Who are the generators?
- Analytical laboratories for health products;
- Mortuaries, funeral homes and services where embalming activities
- Forensic services;
- Drugstores and pharmacies including handling ones;
- The establishment of teaching and research in the health area;
- The control centers of zoo noses;
- Pharmaceutical distributors, importers, distributors and producers of in vitro diagnostic materials and controls ;
- Mobile health care units;
- Acupuncture services;
- Tattoo services, among others similar.
Group A - residues with the possible presence of biological agents that, due to their characteristics, may present a risk of infection;
Group B - chemical waste;
Group C - radioactive waste;
Group D - common waste;
Group E - sharps
Disinfection for Group A Waste Treatment - The best known disinfection technologies are autoclaving, microwave use and incineration. These alternative health care waste treatment technologies allow the waste to be routed to the normal urban solid waste (MSW) circuit without any risk to public health.
The decontamination with use of steam at high temperatures (autoclaving) - is a treatment consisting of maintaining the contaminated material into contact with water vapor at an elevated temperature for sufficient time to destroy potential pathogens or reduce them to a non-risk level.
Incineration heat treatment - This is a solid waste treatment process that is defined as the chemical reaction in which combustible organic materials are gasified over a fixed period of time. The process occurs by the oxidation of waste with the help of oxygen contained in the air.